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Consonants (Basic)  - Pronunciation

Letter The Sound Is Similar To See Footnote  
 
/g/ in "go"    
/n/ in "no"    
/d/ in "do"    
At the first position of a cluster: distantly similar to /r/ in "ray"

 At the last position of a cluster: /l/ in "all"
  At the first position of a cluster, the sound is related to but different from the English /r/.  You can simulate it by pronouncing an /r/ sound without making your lips round while keeping the tongue relatively relaxed.

At the last position of a cluster, it is the /l/ sound.
/m/ in "me"    
/b/ in "be"    
Related to /s/ in "see" d This consonant is different from the English /s/ sound,  (The English /s/ is similar to another Korean consonant - the 4th one in the composite consonant table). 

To pronounce the sound this consonant (the current entry), you need to make an extremely "soft" /s/ sound.  In other words, as soon as you begin to make the /s/ sound (which is by nature unvoiced), you should immediately use your voice (whatever vowel that follows); any discernible duration of air slipping out without your vocal cord vibrating will make the sound English /s/, which will make the word you want to speak unrecognizable to Korean ears. 

At the first position of a cluster: No sound.

 

At the last position of a cluster, it is /ng/ in "sing"

   
/j/ in "joy" d  
/ch/ in "chew" d  
/k/ in "king"    
/t/ in "to" d  
/p/ in "pay" b  
/h/ in "he" *  


The four consonants marked with "d" in the third column are special.  If they occur at the last position of a syllabic cluster and are not followed by a vowel, it is pronounced as /d/ (as in "day") instead of the true sound represented by the letter (/s/, /j/, /ch/ or /t/). 

The second last letter in the table: when it is at the last position of a cluster and is not followed by a vowel, it is pronounced as /b/ (as in "boy"), instead of /p/.

The last letter in the table (*): if it occurs at the last position of a cluster, whether followed by a vowel or not,  it is often unpronounced (by most people).
 

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