Korean Translation Services
Consonants (Basic) - Pronunciation
|Letter||The Sound Is Similar To||See Footnote||
|/g/ in "go"|
|/n/ in "no"|
|/d/ in "do"|
At the first position of a cluster:
distantly similar to /r/ in "ray"
At the last position of a cluster: /l/ in "all"
|At the first position
of a cluster, the sound is related to but different
from the English /r/. You can simulate it by pronouncing an /r/ sound without
making your lips round while keeping the tongue relatively relaxed.
At the last position of a cluster, it is the /l/ sound.
|/m/ in "me"|
|/b/ in "be"|
|Related to /s/ in "see"||d||This consonant is different from the English /s/
sound, (The English /s/ is similar to another
Korean consonant - the 4th one in the composite consonant table).
To pronounce the sound this consonant (the current entry), you need to make an extremely "soft" /s/ sound. In other words, as soon as you begin to make the /s/ sound (which is by nature unvoiced), you should immediately use your voice (whatever vowel that follows); any discernible duration of air slipping out without your vocal cord vibrating will make the sound English /s/, which will make the word you want to speak unrecognizable to Korean ears.
At the first position of a cluster: No sound.
At the last position of a cluster, it is /ng/ in "sing"
|/j/ in "joy"||d|
|/ch/ in "chew"||d|
|/k/ in "king"|
|/t/ in "to"||d|
|/p/ in "pay"||b|
|/h/ in "he"||*|
The four consonants marked with "d" in the third column are special. If they occur at the last position of a syllabic cluster and are not followed by a vowel, it is pronounced as /d/ (as in "day") instead of the true sound represented by the letter (/s/, /j/, /ch/ or /t/).
The second last letter in the table: when it is at the last position of a cluster and is not followed by a vowel, it is pronounced as /b/ (as in "boy"), instead of /p/.
The last letter in the table (*): if it occurs at the
last position of a cluster, whether followed by a vowel or not, it is often unpronounced (by most people).
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